Information Behavior

中譯:資訊行為。在圖書資訊學中的一個研究領域。

定義

  • 圖書資訊學的領域中,認定的資訊行為以資訊檢索行為(information seeking behavior)為核心,再以此出發往前(資訊需求)與往後(資訊使用)發展一套理性判斷行為模型。但是,人類的心理認知行為中,與涉及資訊的行為活動並不僅僅於此。舉凡閱讀筆記註記書寫、理解與詮釋歸類標記、溝通表達、決策等等,都是與資訊相關的人類資訊活動。除了資訊學認知科學之外,人類的資訊活動也涉及了對於他人的預期以及社會認知因素的影響,因此也涉及了社會科學中的經濟學(微觀經濟學、賽局理論、資訊經濟學等)以及社會學社會資訊學、知識社會學等)等等相關理論。
  • 學術傳統定義:
    • Wilson(1995, 1997) 歸納資訊尋求行為研究(information seeking behavior),與後續資訊需求(information need)與資訊使用(information use)研究,提出一整合性的研究主題:資訊行為研究(information behavior)
    • Wilson (2000): 「人類與資訊來源、管道相關行為的總和,包括主動與被動的資訊尋求、與資訊使用。」
    • 儘管資訊行為的定義仍然不清,有各種的定義,然而在許多期刊文獻與課程上已經廣泛的使用這個詞彙。
    • Pettigrew, Fidel & Bruce(2001)在ARIST中,定義為「對人們如何在不同情境中,包括在工作場所與日常生活中,對資訊的需求、尋求、給出與使用的研究」。
    • Case (2007): Information behavior (hereafter, “IB”) encompasses information seeking as well as the totality of other unintentional or passive behaviors (such as glimpsing or encountering information), as well as purposive behaviors that do not involve seeking, such as actively avoiding information.
      「資訊行為」涵蓋「資訊尋求」, 其他非意圖性或主動行為(如瞥見, 資訊偶遇, 等), 以及其他不包含尋求的有目的行為, 如主動迴避資訊。

Sub research topics

Theories & Models

A, B, C

D, E, F, G

I, L

M, N, O, P, Q

R, S, T

V, W, Y

Time-line

1982 - ASK, Belkin 1983 - Sense-making, Dervin 1984-1991 - value-added, Taylor, IUE, Taylor

1986 - (Dervin & Nilan, 1986), 1990-2000 - Information poverty, Life in the Round 1990-2000 - CWA

1993 - (Information seeking process, Kuhlthau) 1995 - ELIS, Savolainen

1996-2000 - (Information seeking in context conferences) 1997 - (Information behavior, T.D. Wilson) 1997-2000 IE, Erdelez 1999 - IH, Sonnenwald,

References

memo

Meta

LIS
information_behavior
collaborative information behavior
Information behavior theories
affective_load, anomalous_state_of_knowledge, archival_intelligence, social_cognition, berrypicking, big6_skills for Information Literacy, browsing, cognitive_authority, cognitive_work_analysis, collective_action_dilemma, communicative_action, communities_of_practice, cultural_models_of_hall_and_hofstede, diffusion_theory, The domain_analytic_approach to Scholars Information Practices, ecological_model_of_human_information_behavior, elicitation_as_micro_level_information_seeking, everyday_life_information_seeking, face_threat, flow_theory, general_model_of_the_information_seeking_of_professionals, information_acquiring-and-sharing, information_activities_in_work_tasks, information_encountering, information_grounds, information_horizons, information_intents, information_interchange, information_poverty, information_seeking_behavior_model, information_seeking_model, information_search_process, information_use_environments, institutional_ethnography, integrative_framework_for_information_seeking_and_interactive_information_retrieval, interpretative_repertoires, The imposed_query, library_anxiety, life_in_the_round, monitoring and blunting, motivational_factors_for_interface_design, network_gatekeeping, nonlinear_information_seeking, optimal_foraging, organizational_sense_making_and_information_use, The pain_hypothesis, perspectives_on_the_tasks in which Information Behaviors are Embedded, phenomenography, practice_of_everyday_life, principle_of_least_effort, professions_and_occupational_identities, question-negotiation, radical_change, reader_response_theory, rounding_and_dissonant_grounds, sense-making, serious_leisure, small-world_network, social_capital, social_constructionist_viewpoint_on_information_practices, social_positioning, socio-cognitive_theory, strength_of_weak_ties, symbolic_violence, transtheoretical_model of the health behavior change, value_sensitive_design, web_information_behaviors_of_organizational_workers, willingness_to_return, women_knowing, work_task_information_seeking_and_retrieval_processes, www_information_seeking, Vygotsky's zpd