Information practices of disaster preparedness professionals in multidisciplinary groups / Folb, et.al. (2010)
Citation - Folb, B. L., Detlefsen, E. G., Quinn, S. C., Barron, G., & Trauth, J. M. (2010). Information practices of disaster preparedness professionals in multidisciplinary groups. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 47(1), 1-9.
OBJECTIVE: This article summarizes the results of a descriptive qualitative study addressing the question, what are the information practices of the various professionals involved in disaster preparedness? We present key results, but focus on issues of choice and adaptation of models and theories for the study.
- 方法/資料：針對 資訊行為理論與模型的原始與二次文獻 作文獻探討。以Taylor 的 IUE模型、機構化理論(Institutional Theory)、Dervin 的意義建構(sense making metatheory)作為訪探設計的架構。透過賓州領導力預備課程(Pennsylvania Preparedness Leadership Institute, PPLI)學者，進行12位災難專業者的面對面訪談。以 Taylor 的IUE模式作為主要的質性編碼架構。
METHODS: Primary and secondary literature on theory and models of information behavior were consulted. Taylor’s Information Use Environments (IUE) model, Institutional Theory, and Dervin’s Sense-Making metatheory were used in the design of an open-ended interview schedule. Twelve individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with disaster professionals drawn from the Pennsylvania Preparedness Leadership Institute (PPLI) scholars. Taylor’s Information Use Environments (IUE) model served as a preliminary coding framework for the transcribed interviews.
RESULTS: Disaster professionals varied in their use of libraries, peer-reviewed literature, and information management techniques, but many practices were similar across professions, including heavy Internet and email use, satisficing, and preference for sources that are socially and physically accessible.
CONCLUSIONS: The IUE model provided an excellent foundation for the coding scheme, but required modification to place the workplace in the larger social context of the current information society. It is not possible to confidently attribute all work-related information practices to professional culture. Differences in information practice observed may arise from professional training and organizational environment, while many similarities observed seem to arise from everyday information practices common to non-work settings.