Cultural reproduction / 文化再生產

  • Pierre Bourdieu與 Passeron (1970)在《教育、社會與文化的再生產》一書所提出。
  • 社會中的文化價值與規範傳遞給下一代的過程。
  • 在社會分層中的優勢群體,透過文化與教育,傳遞文化優勢給相同群體的次代,以確保其社會優勢。
Bourdieu 認為文化再生產導致壓迫與不平等的結構再生產。根據 Bourdieu ,不平等乃是透過教育系統與其他社會機構進行資本回收。經過文化再生產,只有優勢文化的成員得以獲得其文化關係中可得的知識。因此那些非優勢文化成員,便沒有接收這些文化資訊的優勢,因此只能繼續處於劣勢位置。資本家社群根據一分層社會系統,掩飾再生產過程中的不平等事實。
Bourdieu focuses on the structural reproduction of disadvantages and inequalities that are caused by Cultural Reproduction. According to Bourdieu, inequalities are recycled through the education system and other social institutions. Through Cultural Reproduction, only those members of the dominant culture are able to acquire knowledge in relation to the way it is taught from within this cultural system. Thus those who are not members of the dominant culture are at a disadvantage to receive cultural information, and therefore will remain at a disadvantage.Capitalist societies depend on a stratified social system, where the working class has an education suited for manual labour: levelling out such inequalities would break down the system. Thus, schools in capitalist societies require a method of stratification, and often chose to do so in a way in which the dominant culture will not lose its hegemony. One method of maintaining this stratification is through Cultural Reproduction. (translate from Cultural reproduction)

References

  • Bourdieu, P., & Passeron, J. C. (1990). Reproduction in education, society, and culture (2 ed.). London: Sage Publications.
    英文初版 1977, 法文初版 1970.