Towards new ways of terminology description: the sociocognitive-approach / Temmerman, R. (2000)

Citation - Temmerman, R. (2000). Towards new ways of terminology description: the sociocognitive-approach: John Benjamins publishing company.

Keyword - terminology

TOC

  • Introduction
  • From principles of standardisation to a scientific study of terminology
  • New propositions for Terminology
  • From traditional definitions of concepts to templates of units of understanding
  • Univocity and polysemy
  • The impact of metaphorical models on categorisarion and naming
  • Towards new ways of terminology description
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Ch1 From Principles of Standardisation to a Scientific Study of Terminology

第一章 由標準化原則到術語的科學研究:術語學研究的新方向

  • 傳統術語學:相信需要標準化,才能改善特定語言的傳播問題。
    The traditional schools believed in the need for standardisation in order to improve special language communication.(p.1)

傳統術語學基於一些未被質疑的前提:

  • 概念在充分條件下,是能被定義清楚的。
    that concepts are clear-cut and can be defined on the basis of necessary and sufficient conditions,
  • 詞彙的一義性(univocity)是意義明確的基礎,才能達到有效的傳播。
    that univocity of terms is essential for unambiguous and therefore effective and efficient communication,
  • 比喻性的語言與意義變化與術語學無關,術語學限於討論稱名問題。
    figurative language and change of meaning are linguistic subjects which are of no concern to Terminology as Terminology restricts itself to the onomasiological perspective.

1.2 維也納術語學派的術語學原則 The principles of the Vienna school for Terminology

  • 第一原則:稱名學的觀點 The first principle: the onomasiological perspective: 目的在於清楚的描繪每個概念 aims to clearly delineate each concept
  • 第二原則:概念需明確 The second principle: concepts are clear-cut
  • 第三原則:術語定義概念的方法 The third principle: concepts and terminological definitions
    • ISO standard 704 (1995) Terminology Work — Principles and Methods: 三種方法(a)內涵 intensional ,b) 外延 extensional or c) 部份與整體 part-whole
  • 第四原則:一義性 The fourth principle: the univocity principle
  • 第五原則:同時性 Fifth principle: the synchrony principle. 傳統術語學並未研究語言與的發展與演進,因此只強調靜態的概念系統。
傳統術語學原則 Temmerman(2000) 的批評
術語學只考量概念而非語言 語言在形成概念與溝通中扮演重要角色
概念可以清晰的被安置在本體論架構概念系統上 概念與範疇是模糊的不能被絕對地邏輯與本體化
理想上,概念由其內涵定義 內涵定義通常是不可能
一個概念對照一個詞 多義、同義、比較性語言在特定語言上也起作用
概念與術語的關係是永久的 範疇會演化,詞義會變化,理解會不同

Figure 1.1. Contrast between the principles of traditional Terminology and the reality of the terminology we have been studying in the special language of the life sciences. (p.16)

1.3-6

  • The limits that are posed on unprejudiced research in Terminology
  • Different schools of Terminology
  • Recent criticism on traditional Terminology
  • Towards sociocognitive Terminology

Note

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