Locally controlled scholarly publishing via the internet: The Guild Model / Kling, Spector & McKim (2002)

Citation - Kling, R., Spector, L., & McKim, G. (2002). Locally controlled scholarly publishing via the Internet: The Guild Model. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(1), 228-238.

Keyword - scholarly communication

Many librarians and scholars believe that the Internet can be used to dramatically improve scholarly communication via research articles. 許多圖書館員與學者相信,網際網路能大幅改善研究論文的學術傳播現況。

During the last decade there has been substantial discussion of four major publishing models where readers could access articles without a fee: electronic journals, hybrid paper-electronic journals, authors' self-posting on web sites, and disciplinary repositories where authors post their own unrefereed articles. 經過過去十年,四個主要被討論的免費取用論文模式:電子期刊、紙本電子混合期刊、作者自行網路發佈、作者發佈在未經評閱的學科典藏

There have been numerous practical projects within each of these models, as well as extensive discussions about their strengths and limitations. 上述模式已經有了許多實做計畫,針對個別的優缺點也有了許多討論。

While some of these projects have become important scholarly resources in specific disciplines; none of them has become commonplace across numerous disciplines. 雖然當中一些計畫,成為特定學科的重要學術資源;但是仍然沒有一個能夠變成跨多學科的共同空間。

There is a fifth model that has been quietly adopted and developed in a number of disciplines – the research publication series that are called working papers or technical reports that are sponsored by academic departments or research institutes. 第五種模式:在某一些學科中被發展出來;由學術部門或研究機構所贊助的研究連續性出版物,被稱為「進行論文(working papers)」或「技術報告」

Many of these manuscript series are now made available to readers, online, and free of charge. 許多這些連續性手稿,都能在網路上免費被取閱。

This model – which we call Guild Publishing – has a distinct set of advantages and limitations when compared with the other four publishing models. 這種模式:我們稱為行會式出版,與其他四種模式有一些不同的優點與限制。 This article explains the Guild Publishing Model, provides some examples, and discusses its strengths and limitations.