Derek J. De Solla Price [普萊斯]

Derek John de Solla Price (1922-1983)是物理學家、科學歷史學家、資訊科學家,被認為是科學計量學之父 Derek_J._de_Solla_Price

主要科學成就

  • 科學增長與科學文獻半衰期,以及Price定律:25%的作者貢獻75%的論文出版數量 (Price 1963);
  • 科學論文引用網絡的量化研究,發現引用網絡的 in- and out-degrees 呈現冪次分配(power-law distributions),成為第一個學術發表的無尺度網絡分析研究。
  • 基於目前稱為preferential attachment process,提出引用網絡增長的數學化理論(Price 1976);
  • 分析 Antikythera 機制,古希臘計算機 (Price 1959, 1974)

主要出版

  • “An ancient Greek computer”, in Scientific American 200 (6):60-67 (1959).
  • Science since Babylon, New Haven: Yale University Press (1961)
    [巴比倫以來的科學]
  • “Mechanical Waterclocks of the 14th Century in Fez, Morocco”, in Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of the History of Science (Ithaca, N.Y, 1962), Paris: Hermann, pp. 599-602 (1962)
  • Little Science, Big Science, New York: Columbia University Press (1963)
    [大科學小科學]
  • “Networks of Scientific Papers”, in Science 149 (3683):510-515 (1965).
  • “Nations can Publish or Perish”, in International Science and Technology 70 84-90 (1967)
  • “Citation Measures of Hard Science, Soft Science, Technology, and Nonscience”, in Nelson, C. E. & Pollock, D.K. (eds.), Communication among Scientists and Engineers, Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath and Company, pp. 3-22 (1970).
  • “Gears from the Greeks: The Antikythera Mechanism – A Calendar Computer from ca. 80 B.C.”, in Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) 64 (7):1-70 (1974). Also published as a book with the same title by Science History Publications, New York, (1975).
  • “A general theory of bibliometric and other cumulative advantage processes”, in Journal of the American Society for Information Science 27:292-306 (1976)(Winner of 1976 JASIS paper award.)