Charles A. Cutter

張慧銖. (2003). 圖書館目錄發展研究. 台北: 文華圖書管理

  • 第二章 第三節 Cutter及其字典式目錄規則
    • Cutter 生平簡介
    • 圖書館目錄
    • Cutter 之目錄規則
    • Cutter 的貢獻

論目錄的目的

1)

  • 如果書本很多就要有一個指引來協助, 以便保證可以很快速地找到任何特定的圖書。

2)

  1. 使讀者找到書,當他已知[著者|書名|主題]
    finding: to enable a person to find a book of which the [author|title|subject] is known.
  2. 展示圖書館的館藏,關於某一特定[著者|主題|體裁]
    排列(collocating): to show what the library has by a given [author|subject|kind of literature]
  3. 協助選書,根據[版本|特性(體裁或主題)]
    選擇(choice): to assist in the choice of a book as to its [edition|character]

Svenonius(2000)3)認為這Cutter對目錄三目地的主張是最廣為被引用的。

1)
Charles Ammi Cutter,“Library Catalogs,“ in Public Libraries in the United States of America: Their History, Condition and Management: Special Report. Department of the Interior. Bureau Of Education. Part I (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1876), 526-622.
2)
Charles Ammi Cutter, Rules for a Dictionary Catalog, 4th ed., rewritten (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904)
3)
Svenonius, E. (2000). The intellectual foundation of information organization. pp.15-6.