pathetic dot theory

Pathetic dot theory, 或稱為新芝加哥學派理論, 由Lawrence Lessig1998所提出,隨著 1999年的書 Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace 出版而廣為人知。PDT是一種關於制度化的社會經濟學理論,探討人類行為受到四種力量管控:法律、社會規範、市場、架構。
The pathetic dot theory or the New Chicago School theory was introduced by Lawrence Lessig in a 1998 article and popularized in his 1999 book, Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace. It is a socioeconomic theory of regulation. It discusses how lives of individuals (the pathetic dots in questions) are regulated by four forces: the law, social norms, the market, and architecture (technical infrastructure).1)

Lessing 認為一個人的行為受到四種外力限制:

  • 架構(architecture, technical infrastructure):環境先天的限制,如受物理上的原理原則。
  • 道德規範(social norms):倫理道德,依不同民族、不同文化而有異同。
  • 法律(law):透過立法機關所定之法,與道德規範不同之處,乃在於違反時,有權力強制介入給予懲罰。
  • 市場(market):根據理性權衡的交易機制。