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study:buckland_m._k._1991_._information_as_thing [2016/10/22 20:15]
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study:buckland_m._k._1991_._information_as_thing [2018/01/14 09:49] (current)
Charles Chen
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 # 在告知過程後所獲得的:Information-as-knowledge:​ "​Information"​ is also used to denote that which is perceived in "​information-as-process:"​ the "​knowledge communicated concerning some particular fact, subject, or event; that of which one is apprised or told; intelligence,​ news" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989, vol. 7, p. 944). The notion of information as that which reduces uncertainty could be viewed as a special case of "​information-as-knowledge."​ Sometimes information increases uncertainty. # 在告知過程後所獲得的:Information-as-knowledge:​ "​Information"​ is also used to denote that which is perceived in "​information-as-process:"​ the "​knowledge communicated concerning some particular fact, subject, or event; that of which one is apprised or told; intelligence,​ news" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989, vol. 7, p. 944). The notion of information as that which reduces uncertainty could be viewed as a special case of "​information-as-knowledge."​ Sometimes information increases uncertainty.
 # 傳遞信息的物件:如資料、文件等。Information-as-thing:​ The term "​information"​ is also used attributively for objects, such as data and documents, that are referred to as "​information"​ because they are regarded as being informative,​ as "​having the quality of imparting knowledge or communicating information;​ instructive."​ (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989, vol. 7, p. 946) # 傳遞信息的物件:如資料、文件等。Information-as-thing:​ The term "​information"​ is also used attributively for objects, such as data and documents, that are referred to as "​information"​ because they are regarded as being informative,​ as "​having the quality of imparting knowledge or communicating information;​ instructive."​ (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989, vol. 7, p. 946)
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 === 其他不屬於以上三種的資訊定義 other definition=== === 其他不屬於以上三種的資訊定義 other definition===
 * Wiener: 資訊就是資訊,不是物質或是能量。\\ Wiener asserted that "​Information is information,​ not material nor energy. * Wiener: 資訊就是資訊,不是物質或是能量。\\ Wiener asserted that "​Information is information,​ not material nor energy.