Cultural diversity in studies of information / Machlup & Mansfield (1983)

Citation - Machlup, F., & Mansfield, U. (1983). Cultural diversity in studies of information. The study of information: Interdisciplinary messages, 3-6.

Keyword - information


  • Snow: two culture → mathematically minded laboratory-dweller, book-loving denizens of the library stacks
  • Project:
    • analyze the logical and pragmatic relations among the disciplines and subject areas that are centered on information.
    • interdisciplinary exploration | 跨學科探索 :
      • “information is not just one thing. It means different things to those who expound its characteristics, properties, elements, techniques, functions, dimensions, and connections.” | _資訊_不是只有一種意義。一當我們詳解資訊的特徵、屬性、要素、技能、功能、面向與連結時,會有各種意義。
      • Herbert Simon: anthropological exploration
      • The First International Symposium on Information Theory was held in London in the summer of 1950. Among the participants, were “mathematicians, physicists, .engineers, linguists, physiologists, geneticists-in fact folk from almost every' branch of science.” (MacKay, 1969. p, ,9.) | 第一次關於資訊理論的跨學科研討會1950 London: 數學、物理學、工程學、語言學、生理學、遺傳學….各個科學領域..
    • A Cluster of Disciplines and Specialties
      • We begin our list with designations that contain the letters “inform”: information theory, information science, and informatics. We continue our list with a similarly primitive scheme of classification: first the disciplines . with names ending in -ics, then those ending in -logy, followed by those called science, analysis, theory, or research: bibliometrics, cybernetics, linguistics, phonetics, psycholinguistics, robotics, scientometrics, semantics, semiotics, systemics; cognitive psychology, lexicology, neurophysiology, psychobiology; brain science, cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience, computer science, computing science, communication sciences, library science, management science, speech science, systems science; systems analysis; automata theory, communication theory, control theory, decision theory, game theory, general system theory; artificial-intelligence research, genetic-information research, living-systems research, operations research, pattern-recognition research, telecommunications research. documentation & cryptography.
      • Fences around the Fields



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