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principle_of_least_effort [2011/10/10 06:52]
Charles Chen [應用]
principle_of_least_effort [2016/10/22 20:12] (current)
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 == 最小努力原則 Principle of Least Effort ​ == 最小努力原則 Principle of Least Effort ​
  
-「最小努力原則」假定,人會採取可能耗費最少勞動的行為,來完成特定任務:即,將必要之努力最小化。\\ <fs 50%>The PLE's premise is that, in performing tasks (e.g., writing or speaking) individuals adopt a course of action that will expend the probable least average of their work-the least effort. (Case, 2005)((Case,​ D. O. (2005). Principle of Least Effort. In K. E. Fisher, S. Erdelez & L. McKechnie (Eds.), Theories of information behavior. Medford, N.J. : Information Today.))</​fs>​\\ <fs 50%>And yet what is this Principle? In simple terms, the Principle of Least Effort means, for example, that a person in solving his immediate problems will view these against the background of his  probable future problems, as estimated by himself. Moreover he will strive to solve his problems in such a way as to minimize the total work that he must expend in solving ​ both his immediate problems ​ and his probable future problems. That in turn means that the person will strive to minimize the  probable average rate of his workexpenditure (over time). And in so doing he will be minimizing his effort, by our definition of effort. Least effort, therefore, is a variant of least work. (Zipf, 1949) ((Zipf, G. K. (1949). Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge MA: Addison-Wesley.))</​fs>​+「最小努力原則」假定,人會採取可能耗費最少勞動的行為,來完成特定任務:即,將必要之努力最小化。\\ <fs 50%>And yet what is this Principle? In simple terms, the Principle of Least Effort means, for example, that a person in solving his immediate problems will view these against the background of his  probable future problems, as estimated by himself. Moreover he will strive to solve his problems in such a way as to minimize the total work that he must expend in solving ​ both his immediate problems ​ and his probable future problems. That in turn means that the person will strive to minimize the  probable average rate of his workexpenditure (over time). And in so doing he will be minimizing his effort, by our definition of effort. Least effort, therefore, is a variant of least work. (Zipf, 1949) ((Zipf, G. K. (1949). Human behavior and the principle of least effort. Cambridge MA: Addison-Wesley.))</​fs>​ \\ <fs 50%>The PLE's premise is that, in performing tasks (e.g., writing or speaking) individuals adopt a course of action that will expend the probable least average of their work-the least effort. (Case, 2005)((Case,​ D. O. (2005). Principle of Least Effort. In K. E. Fisher, S. Erdelez & L. McKechnie (Eds.), Theories of information behavior. Medford, N.J. : Information Today.))</​fs>​
  
 例如,在可接受的品質水準下,人們傾向選擇既有的資訊來源,而避免花費力氣去尋找、評估更好的新資訊來源。 例如,在可接受的品質水準下,人們傾向選擇既有的資訊來源,而避免花費力氣去尋找、評估更好的新資訊來源。