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pathetic_dot_theory [2016/10/23 04:11] (current)
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 +== pathetic dot theory ​
 +Pathetic dot theory, 或稱為新芝加哥學派理論,​ 由[[:​people:​Lawrence Lessig]]1998所提出,隨著 1999年的書 Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace 出版而廣為人知。PDT是一種關於制度化的社會經濟學理論,探討人類行為受到四種力量管控:法律、社會規範、市場、架構。\\ <fs x-small>​The pathetic dot theory or the New Chicago School theory was introduced by Lawrence Lessig in a 1998 article and popularized in his 1999 book, Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace. It is a socioeconomic theory of regulation. It discusses how lives of individuals (the pathetic dots in questions) are regulated by four forces: the law, social norms, the market, and architecture (technical infrastructure).((http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Pathetic_dot_theory))</​fs>​
 +Lessing 認為一個人的行為受到四種外力限制:
 +* 架構(architecture,​ technical infrastructure):環境先天的限制,如受物理上的原理原則。
 +* 道德規範(social norms):倫理道德,依不同民族、不同文化而有異同。
 +* 法律(law):透過立法機關所定之法,與道德規範不同之處,乃在於違反時,有權力強制介入給予懲罰。
 +* 市場(market):根據理性權衡的交易機制。
 +== Note 
 +== Metadata/​Backlinks ​