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ischool [2016/11/21 11:20] (current)
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 +== iSchool ​
  
 +=== 歷史
 +(Association for Library and Information Science Education, ALISE)
 +
 +* 1988: Gang of 3 (Pittsburgh;​ Syracuse; Drexel)
 +* 2001: Gang of 5 (+ Washington; Michigan)
 +* 2003: Gang of 10 (+ Illinois; N. Carolina; Florida; Indiana; Texas)
 +
 +(iSchools Caucus)
 +
 +* (+ Rutgers; California- Berkeley[Information];​ California- Irvin[Information & Computer Science]; California- LA[Education & Information studies]; Georgia Tech[Computing];​ Pennsylvania;​ Indiana; Maryland; Toronto)
 +* 2005: iSchool Conference
 +* 2008 (+ CMU Heinz[information management];​ Singapore Management[Information system])
 + 
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +=== 起源動機
 +iSchool 的興起是由於數位資訊的爆炸性成長。
 +
 +=== 定義資訊科學
 +
 +==== Bates
 +Marcia Bates 對資訊科學的定義:​ \\ 
 +資訊科學的領域是 為了將來取用 所選擇與保存的資訊紀錄宇宙(the domain of information science [as] the universe of recorded information that is selected and retained for later access),而主張資訊科學主要在於資訊的組織、形式以及潛在結構,其次才是內容((Bates,​ M.J. The invisible substrate of information science. J. Am. Soc. Inform. Sci. Technol. 1999, 50 (12), 1043–1050,​
 +http://​www.gseis.ucla.edu/​faculty/​bates/​substrate.html.))。
 +
 +Bates 主張資訊科學關注三種問題:
 +
 +* 實體問題:資訊紀錄宇宙的特性與法則\\ <fs 50%> What are the features and laws of the recorded information universe? (physical question)</​fs>​
 +* 社會問題:人們如何關聯、搜尋與使用資訊?​ \\ <fs 50%> How do people relate to, seek, and use information?​ (social question)</​fs>​
 +* 設計問題:如何能最有效迅速的取用資訊紀錄?​ \\  <fs 50%> How can access to recorded information be made most rapid and effective? (design question)</​fs>​
 +
 +
 +
 +== Note 
 +
 +== References
 +* [[:​study:​Ronald,​ L. L. (2009). iSchools]]. in Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Third Edition (pp. 3018-3023). NY, USA: Taylor & Francis.
 +
 +== Metadata/​Backlinks ​
 +
 +{{backlinks>​.}}
 +{{tag>​LIS Information_science}}