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information_behavior [2016/10/26 10:02]
information_behavior [2018/11/05 10:13] (current)
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 +== Information Behavior
 +中譯:[[資訊行為]]。在[[:​LIS|圖書資訊學]]中的一個研究領域。
 +==定義
 +* 在[[:​lis|圖書資訊學]]的領域中,認定的資訊行為以資訊檢索行為(information seeking behavior)為核心,再以此出發往前(資訊需求)與往後(資訊使用)發展一套理性判斷行為模型。但是,人類的心理認知行為中,與涉及資訊的行為活動並不僅僅於此。舉凡[[:​reading|閱讀]]、[[:​noting|筆記]]與[[:​annotating|註記]]、[[:​writing|書寫]]、理解與[[:​interpreting|詮釋]]、[[:​categorizing|歸類]]、[[:​tagging|標記]]、溝通表達、[[:​decision-making|決策]]等等,都是與資訊相關的人類資訊活動。除了[[:​informatics|資訊學]]與[[:​cognitive science|認知科學]]之外,人類的資訊活動也涉及了對於他人的預期以及社會認知因素的影響,因此也涉及了社會科學中的[[:​economics|經濟學]](微觀經濟學、[[:​game_theory|賽局理論]]、資訊經濟學等)以及[[:​sociology|社會學]]([[:​social_informatics|社會資訊學]]、知識社會學等)等等相關理論。
 +* 學術傳統定義:
 +** Wilson(1995,​ 1997) 歸納資訊尋求行為研究(information seeking behavior),與後續資訊需求(information need)與資訊使用(information use)研究,提出一整合性的研究主題:資訊行為研究(information behavior)
 +** Wilson (2000): 「人類與資訊來源、管道相關行為的總和,包括主動與被動的資訊尋求、與資訊使用。」
 +** 儘管資訊行為的定義仍然不清,有各種的定義,然而在許多期刊文獻與課程上已經廣泛的使用這個詞彙。
 +** [[:​study:​pettigrew_fidel_bruce_2001_._conceptual_frameworks_in_information_behavior|Pettigrew,​ Fidel & Bruce(2001)]]在ARIST中,定義為「對人們如何在不同情境中,包括在工作場所與日常生活中,對資訊的需求、尋求、給出與使用的研究」。
 +** [[:​study:​Case,​ D. O. (2007). Looking for information|Case (2007)]]: Information behavior (hereafter, “IB”) encompasses information seeking as well as the totality of other unintentional or passive behaviors (such as glimpsing or encountering information),​ as well as purposive behaviors that do not involve seeking, such as actively avoiding information. \\ 「資訊行為」涵蓋「資訊尋求」, 其他非意圖性或主動行為(如瞥見,​ 資訊偶遇,​ 等), 以及其他不包含尋求的有目的行為,​ 如主動迴避資訊。
  
 +==Sub research topics
 +* [[:​collaborative information behavior]]
 +
 +== Theories & Models ​
 +
 +=== A, B, C 
 +[[:Theory of administrative behavior|Administrative behavior, theory of]], 
 +[[:​affective_load]], ​
 +[[:​anomalous_state_of_knowledge]], ​
 +[[:​archival_intelligence]], ​
 +[[:​social_cognition]], ​
 +
 +[[:​berrypicking]], ​
 +[[:​big6_skills]] for Information Literacy, ​
 +[[:​browsing]], ​
 +
 +[[:​cognitive_authority]], ​
 +[[:​cognitive_work_analysis]], ​
 +[[:​collective_action_dilemma]], ​
 +[[:​communicative_action]], ​
 +[[:​communities_of_practice]], ​
 +[[:​cultural_models_of_hall_and_hofstede]], ​
 +
 +
 +=== D, E, F, G 
 +[[:​diffusion_theory]], ​
 +The [[:​domain_analytic_approach]] to Scholars Information Practices, ​
 +
 +[[:​ecological_model_of_human_information_behavior]], ​
 +[[:​elicitation_as_micro_level_information_seeking]], ​
 +[[:​everyday_life_information_seeking]], ​
 +
 +[[:​face_threat]], ​
 +[[:​flow_theory]], ​
 +
 +[[:​general_model_of_the_information_seeking_of_professionals]], ​
 +
 +===I, L 
 +[[:​information_acquiring-and-sharing]], ​
 +[[:​information_activities_in_work_tasks]], ​
 +[[:​information_encountering]], ​
 +[[:​information_grounds]], ​
 +[[information_horizons]], ​
 +[[:​information_intents]], ​
 +[[:​information_interchange]], ​
 +[[:​information_poverty]], ​
 +[[:​information_seeking_behavior_model]], ​
 +[[:​information_seeking_model]], ​
 +[[:​information_search_process]], ​
 +[[:​information_use_environments]], ​
 +[[:​institutional_ethnography]], ​
 +[[:​integrative_framework_for_information_seeking_and_interactive_information_retrieval]], ​
 +[[:​interpretative_repertoires]], ​
 +The [[:​imposed_query]], ​
 +
 +[[:​library_anxiety]], ​
 +[[:​life_in_the_round]], ​
 +
 +===M, N, O, P, Q
 +[[:​monitoring]] and [[:​blunting]], ​
 +[[:​motivational_factors_for_interface_design]], ​
 +
 +[[:​network_gatekeeping]], ​
 +[[:​nonlinear_information_seeking]], ​
 +
 +[[:​optimal_foraging]], ​
 +[[:​organizational_sense_making_and_information_use]], ​
 +
 +The [[:​pain_hypothesis]], ​
 +[[:​perspectives_on_the_tasks]] in which Information Behaviors are Embedded, ​
 +[[:​phenomenography]], ​
 +[[:​practice_of_everyday_life]], ​
 +[[:​principle_of_least_effort]], ​
 +[[:​professions_and_occupational_identities]], ​
 +
 +[[:​question-negotiation]], ​
 +
 +===R, S, T
 +[[:​radical_change]], ​
 +[[:​reader_response_theory]], ​
 +[[:​rounding_and_dissonant_grounds]], ​
 +
 +[[:​sense-making]], ​
 +[[:​serious_leisure]], ​
 +[[:​small-world_network]], ​
 +[[:​social_capital]], ​
 +[[:​social_constructionist_viewpoint_on_information_practices]], ​
 +[[:​social_positioning]], ​
 +[[:​socio-cognitive_theory]], ​
 +[[:​strength_of_weak_ties]], ​
 +[[:​symbolic_violence]], ​
 +
 +[[:​transtheoretical_model of the health behavior change]], ​
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +=== V, W, Y
 +[[:​value-added process]], ​
 +[[:​value_sensitive_design]], ​
 +[[:​web_information_behaviors_of_organizational_workers]], ​
 +[[:​willingness_to_return]], ​
 +[[:​women_knowing]], ​
 +[[:​work_task_information_seeking_and_retrieval_processes]], ​
 +[[:​www_information_seeking]]
 +Vygotsky [[:​zpd]], ​
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +==Time-line
 +1982 - [[:​Anomalous state of knowledge|ASK,​ Belkin]] ​
 +1983 - [[:​sense-making|Sense-making,​ Dervin]]
 +1984-1991 - [[:​value-added process|value-added,​ Taylor]], [[:​information use environment|IUE,​ Taylor]] ​
 + 
 +1986 - (Dervin & Nilan, 1986), ​
 + 
 +1990-2000 - [[:​Information poverty]], [[:Life in the Round]] ​
 +1990-2000 - [[:​Cognitive Work Analysis|CWA]] ​
 + 
 +1993 - (Information seeking process, Kuhlthau) ​
 +1995 - [[:Everyday life information seeking|ELIS,​ Savolainen]] ​
 + 
 +1996-2000 - (Information seeking in context conferences)
 +1997 - (Information behavior, T.D. Wilson) ​
 + 
 +1997-2000 [[:​Information encountering|IE,​ Erdelez]] ​
 +1999 - [[:​Information horizons|IH,​ Sonnenwald]],​
 + 
 +==References
 +* [[:​study:​Fisher,​ K. E., Erdelez, S., & McKechnie, L. (Eds.). (2005). Theories of information behavior]]. Medford, N.J.: Information Today.
 +* [[:​study:​Case,​ D. O. (2007). Looking for information]]:​ A survey of research on information seeking, needs, and behavior: Emerald Group Pub Ltd.
 +* Definitions,​ Theories
 +** [[:​study:​Wilson,​ T., & Walsh, C. (1995). Information behaviour]]:​ An interdisciplinary perspective (No. BLRDD Report No. 10). London: British Library Research and Development Department. URL http://​informationr.net/​tdw/​publ/​infbehav/​cont.html
 +** [[:​study:​Wilson,​ T. D. (1997). Information behaviour]]:​ An interdisciplinary perspective. Information Processing and Management: an International Journal, 33(4), 551-572.
 +** Pettigrew, K. E., Fidel, R., & Bruce, H. (2001). [[study:​Pettigrew,​ Fidel, Bruce (2001). Conceptual frameworks in information behavior|Conceptual frameworks in information behavior.]] Annual Review of Information Science and Technology(ARIST),​ Vol.**35**, pp. 43-78.
 +
 +== memo 
 +* 2007/11/13 maybe 增加 http://​www.istheory.yorku.ca/​ 的一些東西? 如管理行為理論(Theory of administrative behavior)??
 +
 +== Meta
 +{{page>:​infobox:​lis}}
 +===Backlinks
 +{{backlinks>​.}}
 +{{page>:​infobox:​ib_theories&​nofooter&​nodate}}
 +{{tag>​LIS information_behavior}}