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everyday_life_information_seeking [2016/10/23 04:12] (current)
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 +==Everyday life information seeking [日常生活資訊尋求]==
 +**Key person**: [[:​people:​Reijo Savolainen]] (1995)
 +* Question:
 +** "to elaborate the role of social and cultural factors that affect people'​s way of preferring and using information source in everyday setting"​.
 +** not job-related information seeking
 +* assumptions:​ "even through individuals select and use various sources to solve problems or make sense of their everyday world, the source preferences and use patterns are ultimately socially conditioned."​(p.143)
 +* Way of life [生活方式]
 +** based on [[:​people:​Pierre Bourdieu]]'​s habitus: "​socially and culturally determined system of thinking, perception, and evaluation, internalized by the individual."​
 +** Way of life: "order of things, which based on the choices that individuals make, ultimately oriented by the factors constituting habitus.
 +** Things: "stand for various activities taking place in the daily life world, including not only job but also necessary reproductive tasks such as household care and voluntary activities (hobbies)."​
 +** Order: "refer to preferences given to these activities."​
 +* [生活方式]的主要操作化因素
 +** Structure of time budget [時間預算結構]: 說明工作時間與休閒時間的競爭關係
 +** models of consumption of goods and services [財貨與服務消費模式]
 +** natural of hobbies [嗜好的本質]
 +* mastery of life [生活嫻熟]
 +** [生活方式]的再生產
 +** 與實用的問題解決相關連
 +** "​Information seeking is an integral component of mastery of life, which aim is to eliminate a continual dissonance between perception of 'how things are at this moment'​ and 'how they should be'​."​ \\ 資訊尋求是[生活嫻熟]中一個主要的整合性元件。資訊尋求的目的是減少對事物「實然」與「應然」間的不協調感。
 +* 四種[生活嫻熟]的類型
 +## Optimistic-cognitive mastery of life [認知樂觀的生活嫻熟]:​ 強烈信賴問題解決所帶來的正面成果。
 +## Pessimistic-cognitive mastery of life [認知悲觀的生活嫻熟]:​ 認為也許有無法被解決的問題。
 +## Defensive-affective mastery of life [情感防衛的生活嫻熟]:​ 對問題的可解決性表示樂觀,但情感上避免失敗風險。
 +## Pessimistic-affective mastery of life [情感悲觀的生活嫻熟]:​ 個人不依賴解決日常生活問題的能力。
 +* Savolainen, R. (1995). Everyday life information seeking: Approaching information seeking in the context of way of life. Library and Information Science Research, 17(3), 259-294.
 +* Savolainen, R. (2005). Everyday life information seeking. In K. E. Fisher, S. Erdelez & L. McKechnie (Eds.), Theories of information behavior (pp. 143-148). Medford, NJ: Informatio Today.